AskDefine | Define periodontics

Dictionary Definition

periodontics n : the branch of dentistry dealing with diseases of the gums and other structures around the teeth [syn: periodontia]

User Contributed Dictionary



  1. The branch of dentistry that deals with the care and treatment of the gums

Extensive Definition

Periodontology, or Periodontics, is the branch of dentistry which studies supporting structures of teeth, and diseases and conditions that affect them.
The supporting tissues are known as the periodontium, which includes the gingiva (gums), alveolar bone, cementum, and the periodontal ligament. The word comes from the Greek words peri meaning around and odons meaning tooth. Literally taken, it means study of that which is "around the tooth".

Periodontal disease

Periodontal diseases take on many different forms, but are usually a result of a coalescence of bacterial plaque biofilm accumulation of the gingiva and teeth, combined with host immuno-inflammatory mechanisms and other risk factors which lead to destruction of the supporting bone around natural teeth. Untreated, these diseases lead to alveolar bone loss and tooth loss, and to date continue to be the leading cause of tooth loss in adults.


A Periodontist is a dentist who specializes in the diagnosis and surgical and non-surgical treatment of diseases and conditions of the periodontium. Periodontists are experts in the management of patients with periodontal diseases including gingivitis, periodontitis and gingival recession (gum recession).

United States

Periodontics is one of the nine American Dental Association recognized specialties of dentistry. Periodontists complete 3 years of additional formal training beyond dental school in an accredited residency training program.
The American Academy of Periodontology is the recognized governing academy for periodontics in the USA.
Periodontists may also earn Board Certification by the American Board of Periodontology' after completion of an American Dental Association accredited residency training program in Periodontics. Board certified periodontists are awarded the title "Diplomate of the American Board of Periodontology".

India ( Bharath )

Periodontics is offered as specialisation field in dentistry programme in India.This is offered at Master of Dental Surgery ( M.D.S ) course conducted by dental colleges affilated to different universities in India.The minimum qualification required for M.D.S is Bachelor of Dental Surgery ( B.D.S ). Dental council of India is regulating body for dentists in India.

External links

periodontics in Arabic: علم أمراض النسج الداعمة
periodontics in Min Nan: Gê-chiu-pēⁿ-ha̍k
periodontics in Catalan: Periodòncia
periodontics in German: Parodontologie
periodontics in Spanish: Periodoncia
periodontics in Finnish: Parodontologia
periodontics in French: Parodontie
periodontics in Indonesian: Periodonti
periodontics in Italian: Parodontologia
periodontics in Dutch: Parodontologie
periodontics in Japanese: 歯周治療学
periodontics in Polish: Periodontologia
periodontics in Portuguese: Periodontia
periodontics in Turkish: Parodontoloji
periodontics in Chinese: 牙周病學
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